Look back at the birth of the original Land Rover | How Land Rover has driven adventure and scientific exploration | GQ Editor Dylan Jones discusses inspiration with Chief Design Officer Gerry McGovern | Exploring the potential impact of electrification and connected vehicles | Tackling the 999 steep steps up to Heaven’s Gate in China
ORIGIN OF THE SPECIES
ORIGIN OF THE SPECIES 1948 | Aluminium construction chosen – still a hallmark | Revealed at Amsterdam Motor Show on 30 April | First car registered in the UK in May | Full production starts in August | King George VI receives 100th car built The official start for Land Rover begins at the Amsterdam Motor Show on 30 April 1948, when three pre-production Land Rovers (numbers 7, 5 and 3) were first unveiled to the public. The location might seem incongruous for a car that was to become a British icon: an ambassador for its home country in almost every other nation on earth, and as important and respected an export as Manchester cotton or Sheffield steel. But you need to consider this was a fast-moving project unconcerned by appearances, and the internationally respected Amsterdam Motor Show was simply the first to happen after the Land Rover had been designed and the first prototypes built. FATHER FIGURES Maurice Wilks was Rover’s Engineering Director. He was also a farmer, and he knew that fellow British farmers needed a simple, affordable, lightweight and unstoppable utility vehicle. More urgently, the British economy recovering from the ravages of war needed new, world-class products it could export. Maurice famously first drew his response to both of these requirements in the sands of Red Wharf Bay in North Wales early in 1947. His brother Spencer was Rover’s Managing Director and had joined him for a walk on the beach that day. They both knew they’d hit on something. By summer they had built their first prototype, but with its central driving position it wasn’t yet a true Land Rover. In October ’47 the Rover board approved the project and in March ’48 the first true Land Rover prototype was made. It was later registered as HUE 166 and still exists today at the British Motor Museum and is a regular at Land Rover gatherings and events. Just a year had passed: modern cars might take five years from first sketch to motor show debut. In fact 1948 became a year of firsts: the official launch of Land Rover in Amsterdam in April (see page 18), the first Land Rover was road-registered in May, and in August 1948 the first full-production vehicles began rolling out of the Solihull factory. That didn’t stop until January 2016. Maurice’s design and Spencer’s decision to back it were quick, instinctive and brilliant. But the brothers didn’t get everything right. They thought they might sell 50 Land Rovers each week, and the Rover senior board approved production capacity of up to 100 each week and an initial run of 2,000 units. The serial number system only anticipated four-figure sales each year, yet in the second full year of production nearly 16,000 were made and by 1954 100,000 were in service! The numbering system was quickly changed. Maurice also thought that buyers would want a more comfortable version of the Land Rover, so in ‘48 prestigious coachbuilder Tickford was specially commissioned to produce a Station Wagon, whose mahogany-framed body could seat shooting parties of seven. It brilliantly foresaw the market for more versatile, luxurious four-wheel drives which Land Rover would later create and dominate with the Range Rover, but it was ahead of its time and perhaps too expensive at £1,000 in the UK compared to the standard car’s £450. It was quietly discontinued, but an in-house and more utilitarian Station Wagon appeared in 1953 and became a popular mainstay of the range. As its burgeoning sales proved, the target market that Maurice originally had in mind loved the new Land Rover. In an early test a British magazine put one to work with a farmer, who thought it ‘did the work of six good horses’. ROYAL PATRONAGE King George VI became the first Royal Land Rover owner in the very first year of production when he was presented with the 100th example made. Land Rover soon received its first Royal Warrant in 1951, and now holds all three, with members of the Royal Family choosing it for use in both their public and private lives. Some early Series I Land Rovers were converted into state review vehicles for the young Royal couple in the 1950s and were painted in the favoured Royal Claret with a red pinstripe. But the Royals also like to drive their own Land Rovers, and not just be driven. During the 1970s, HM The Queen and her children were seen at equestrian events in their 1970s Series III, often sitting on the roof for a better view. But it was HM The Queen’s bespoke 1983 V8-powered 110 that is probably the best known Royal Land Rover, even being faithfully replicated for a scene in the 2006 film The Queen. PHOTOGRAPHY: BRITISH MOTOR MUSEUM HERITAGE TRUST (6), NICK ANSELL / PA IMAGES 12
RIGHT XXXXXX | Tickford Station Wagon version introduced 1949 | First Army order, colour switches to Bronze Green 1950 | First active military duty in Korea 1953 | First long-wheelbase version, the 107, launched 1954 | First car delivered to the Red Cross “ The Land Rover Defender has been there for me more times than I care to remember. Known and respected by me and many other adventurers for their rugged reliability – it was an honour to be asked to take part in the build of the two millionth car” BEAR GRYLLS, ADVENTURER 01 02 03 PHOTOGRAPHY: XXXXXXXXX XXXXXXX XXXXXXXXX 04 05 01 Spencer Wilks 02 Maurice Wilks 03 In good company with owner Sir Winston Churchill 04 The Series I-based Tickford Station Wagon was arguably the first luxury SUV 05 Capability is in the heart of every Land Rover 13
Land Rover Magazine showcases stories from around the world that celebrate inner strength and the drive to go Above and Beyond.
In this issue, New Defender is put through its paces by two inspirational young adventurers as they prepare for an expedition to the South Pole. We also celebrate 50 years of Range Rover by taking a journey of discovery to Dubai. As well as looking back, we look to future as a group of visionaries explain the technologies that could change the future for all of us.